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Title: Modern Technologies and Emerging Techniques for Assessing Complex Hydrogeologic Systems in Fractured Bedrock
Date: October 29-30, 2019
(Tuesday and Wednesday)
Location: The Century House
997 Loudon Road (Route 9)
Latham, New York

Instructors: • David J. Hart, Ph.D. Wisconsin Geologic and Natural History Survey

• Maureen Muldoon, PhD. Wisconsin Geologic and Natural History Survey

• Jeff Pietras, PhD. State University of New York at Binghamton

• Edwin Romanowicz, PhD. State University of New York at Plattsburgh

Continuing Education Information: 1.6 Continuing Education Units (CEUs)
(16.0 Professional Development Hours)

Continuing Education Units (CEUs) and a Course Completion Certificate will be administered by Midwest GeoSciences Group.

Continuing Education License Programs:
- NY PG, no approval needed
- NY PE, pending approval from NY State Board of PE/LS
- DE PG, approved
- MA LSP, pending approval
- PA PG, no approval needed
- NH PG, no approval needed
- IA CGWP, approved

Who should attend: Professional ground-water scientists, engineers, project managers, compliance-program managers and remedial-design managers who are required to characterize complex bedrock stratigraphy, relate hydrogeologic properties to state-specific rock units, understand groundwater flow through fractured systems, and install dependable groundwater monitoring systems.

This course begins with a brief overview of hydrogeologic principles of bedrock origins and secondary alterations related to fracturing, weathering, and chemical modification. It then continues at an advanced level throughout the course to cover the range of conditions typically encountered during field investigations and detailed modeling projects.
How to Prepare: Expect to learn. The instructors are gifted professionals who teach and connect with professionals ranging from novices to experts. Participants will learn about the latest techniques from field testing and characterization to ground water and geologic modeling.

Expect to participate. Participants have ample opportunity to share with instructors and the group at specified times.
What to bring: Bring your calculator and any field forms that you normally use for rock core logging.

Bring high expectations. We strive to make this the premiere course about hydrogeologic analysis of fractured bedrock. Plus, you can expect to find some light hearted humor and fun along the way.

Course Details


The hydrogeologic complexity of fractured rock aquifers has often led to frustration and significant expenditure of resources in characterizing groundwater and predicting contamination. This course focuses to help answer common questions that face practitioners during hydrogeologic site characterization in fractured bedrock applied to both monitoring and the first steps toward remediation design:

  • What implications do rock stratigraphy and secondary weathering have on hydrogeologic investigations?
  • How can fractures be analyzed and characterized in the field? How does the theory of ground water movement apply to real-world projects in fractured systems?
  • What is the most practical approach for integrating rock stratigraphy into a conceptual or computer model for a given project? What are the alternatives to rock coring?
  • What are the "Do's" and "Don'ts" of monitoring ground water in fractured rock? When is a potentiometric map valid or invalid?
  • What are the last advances in ground water flow meters and other downhole tools? How do we troubleshoot the inevitable challenges of field data?
  • What are the limitations of geophysics and strategies exist to maximize it's use?
  • How do these tools relate to geologic formations in New York?

This course will demonstrate some of the ways in which these questions can be answered through understanding the processes which control the occurrence and secondary effects of bedrock fractures and field strategies for unraveling complex ground water movement in fractured rock.

Emerging technologies for characterizing high and low permeability rock formations will be addressed in the course. Although lithologic and hydrologic conditions of each fractured rock site are unique, this course highlights the common attributes that are to be anticipated in all fractured rock sites.

Practitioners understand that each site is unique by the presence (or absence) of individual fractures that can dominate ground water flow or the extent of contamination. But by anticipating such conditions based on various stratigraphic characterization strategies, we can build a framework to help assess their occurrence by formulating hypotheses, choosing an effective characterization technique, and then testing to arrive at a defensible site conceptual model at a meaningful scale used ultimately for either monitoring or remediation design.

Course Outline

  • Hydrogeologic Settings for Fractured Rock
    • Rock types where fractures are important
    • Formation of fractures
    • Challenges of fractured rock aquifers

  • Regional Geologic Framework

  • Exercise: model

  • Mapping Hydraulic Head in Fractured Rock
    • Characterization of three dimensional head field
    • Vertical hydraulic head
    • Horizontal hydraulic head
    • Bedding plane fractures as confined aquifers

  • Exercise: Hydraulic Heads

  • Site Scale Characterization
    • Measurement scale issues
    • Predicting flux versus transport
    • Continuum versus discrete characterization
    • Identifying and characterizing hetergenieties

  • Group Discussion Part 1 (issues, problems, and questions)

  • Modern Techniques with Borehole Geophysics
    • Commonly used geophysical tools
    • Interpreting geophysical logs

  • Tracer testing in fractured rock

  • Monitoring and Sampling in Heterogeneous Aquifers
    • Temporal and spatial variability
    • Available logging technology
    • Multilevel technology

  • Packer Testing
    • The use and mis-use of packer tests
    • Available methods
    • Analytical techniques and interpretation

  • Hydraulic Characterization Techniques with Borehole Flowmeters
    • Understanding basic flows in boreholes
    • Types of borehole flowmeters
    • Interpreting borehole flow data

  • Site Characterization Examples from the Area

  • Exercise: Site Characterization

  • Emerging Techniques with Borehole Flow

  • Group Discussion Part 2 (issues, problems, and questions)

Geologic Formations of New York

The bedrock geology of New York is comprised of Precambrian crystalline basement rock, forming the Adirondack Mountains and the bedrock of much of the state resulting in complex stratigraphy that is difficult to characterize in terms of scale, geomechanical engineering properties and ground water movement.

Some younger rocks have formed since the Mesozoic along with those that eroded into the continental shelf and Atlantic coastal plain. Localized volcanic and sedimentary rocks in the Newark Basin are a prominent fossil-bearing feature near New York City from the Mesozoic rifting dating back to the supercontinent Pangea.

We cannot be exhaustive in covering all of the stratigraphic rock units in New York State during a two-day course, but the instructors will present local scenarios that may be applied to different areas coupled with applications of tools that can be applied to any bedrock aquifer or aquitard.



Limited seating.

Advanced registration is necessary for participation in this limited-enrollment short course. Pre-registration is required to reserve space and receive course materials. If you require special arrangements for diet, equipment, or handicap facilities, please indicate when registering for the course.

Register online for this course: https://nyscpg.wildapricot.org/event-3517334

New York State Council of Professional Geologists

Participants receive 16.0 contact hours (16.0 PDHs/1.6 CEUs) of instruction, light breakfast, lunch, printed Black & White-colored Course Handout, a FIELD GUIDE FOR ROCK CORE LOGGING AND FRACTURE ANALYSIS, and a course completion certificate from Midwest GeoSciences Group for qualifying participants.

This course is uniquely designed with lectures and field exercises that create a meaningful learning experience.


ONLY $499*

Early Member Rate or Government Employee: $499.00

Individual registration for current BAPG/CNYPG/HMPGA/LIAPG Member, NYSCPG Members, and Federal/New York State/Local government employees (Must register using a valid federal, state, or local government email address). Available through October 18, 2019.

Early Non-Member Rate: $550.00

Individual registration for Non-Members. Available through October 18, 2019.

Standard Member - $599.00

Individual registration for NYSCPG Members. Available through October 18, 2019.

Standard Non-Member - $699.00

Individual registration for Non-NYSCPG-Members. Available through October 18, 2019.

Student - $300.00

Individual registration for Full-time Students, ID showing full-time status must be presented/submitted during registration. Available through October 11, 2019.

Register 10 or more and save an additional 10%.

with each course registration

The online registration allows registrants to add items to their course registration.

Item No 1:
Full-Color Printed Notebook for $89.00.

Early registration discounts may be applied when payment is received by October 18, 2019. Terms and Conditions apply.

Cancellations may be made up to October 15, 2019; however, 50 percent of the course fee will be charged. No refunds after October 15, 2019.

One substitute is allowed for each registrant who is unable to attend. However substitutions are not allowed between days.

Registration or Sponsorship Questions? contact NYSCPG at nyscouncilpg@gmail.com

Technical Questions? contact Dan Kelleher at either 763.607.0092 or dan@midwestgeo.com


Maureen Muldoon, PhD
Maureen Muldoon, PhD is internationally-recognized for her applied hydrogeologic work in characterization of fractured-rock aquifers. Until recently, she was a Professor at the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh where she taught Environmental Geology, the hydrogeology courses, and occasional field trips. She now works for the Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey and her research focusses on investigation of groundwater quality and flow in carbonate rocks, relationship between carbonate stratigraphy and hydraulic properties, and land-use impacts on groundwater quality.

Maureen was the recipient of the Standards Development Award for her preparation of ASTM D5715 -95 Standard Guide for Design of Ground-Water Monitoring Systems in Karst and Fractured-Rock Aquifers.

Dave Hart, PhD, PG
Dave Hart, PhD, is an accomplished hydrogeologist/geophysicist with the Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey and a professor at the University of Wisconsin, Department of Extension.

Dave's applied research includes measurement of borehole flow in crystalline rock, determining depth to bedrock using geophysics, and using fiber optic distributed temperature sensing in heat pump geothermal applications. Prior to joining the university, he served as a hydrogeologist with Eder Associates. Dave is recognized for his teaching the meaning of hydraulic gradients and how they apply to unraveling the complexities of aquifers and aquitards.

Jeffrey T. Pietras, PhD
Jeffrey T. Pietras, PhD is an Associate Professor of Geology at Binghamton University (SUNY). He earned his PhD from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research interests include sedimentology and stratigraphy, basin analysis, petroleum geology and geochemistry.

Prior to joining the faculty at Binghamton University he was a geologist at BP for 10 years exploring for hydrocarbon resources both domestically and internationally.

Edwin A. Romanowicz, Ph.D.
Ed Romanowicz, PhD, PG graduated from the University of California at Santa Cruz with a BS in Earth Science and BA in Mathematics. For his MS degree in Geology from Syracuse University, he used anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility to study deformation in Ordovician carbonates in central New York State. Ed continued at Syracuse University for his Ph.D. in geology studying how changes in hydrogeology in boreal peatlands in northern Minnesota affect methane fluxes. As a post-doctoral at Duke University he studied how the hydrology in the northern Everglades has been affected by surface-water management.

Presently Ed is the director of the Center for Earth and Environmental Science at the State University of New York at Plattsburgh. Prior to coming to SUNY Plattsburgh he taught at Colby College and Duke University. Ed taught courses in physical geology, hydrogeology, surface hydrology, wetland hydrology, environmental geology and structural geology. He also teaches hydrogeology at the University of Missouri's Branson Geology Field Camp (Lander, WY). He is a licensed professional geologist in New York.

Over the past 10 years I have researched fracture-flow hydrogeology. Using borehole geophysical logging, while working with the Vermont Geological Survey, Ed researched the effects of regional geology on hydrogeologic resources and contaminant transport on a local scale. Presently, in collaboration with the Vermont Geological Survey and several colleges and universities he is studying the transport and distribution of PFOA in fractured aquifers in Vermont.


  • "I enjoyed the exercises demonstrating vastly different flow calculation results using porous media vs fracture flow"
    - Greg Oberley, US EPA

  • "One of my favorite parts of the course was seeing new techniques about locating fractures and measuring fracture flow"
    - Rob Venczel, PG, Consol Energy

Venue and Accommodations


The Century House
997 Loudon Road (Route 9)
Latham, New York


The Century House
997 Loudon Road (Route 9)
Latham, New York

Reserve either by phone or online

Phone: (518)785-0834
Website: www.TheCenturyHouse.com

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